PHP 5.6.0 released

imagecolorresolve

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

imagecolorresolveGet the index of the specified color or its closest possible alternative

Description

int imagecolorresolve ( resource $image , int $red , int $green , int $blue )

This function is guaranteed to return a color index for a requested color, either the exact color or the closest possible alternative.

If you created the image from a file, only colors used in the image are resolved. Colors present only in the palette are not resolved.

Parameters

image

An image resource, returned by one of the image creation functions, such as imagecreatetruecolor().

red

Value of red component.

green

Value of green component.

blue

Value of blue component.

Return Values

Returns a color index.

Examples

Example #1 Using imagecoloresolve() to get colors from an image

<?php
// Load an image
$im imagecreatefromgif('phplogo.gif');

// Get closest colors from the image
$colors = array();
$colors[] = imagecolorresolve($im255255255);
$colors[] = imagecolorresolve($im00200);

// Output
print_r($colors);

imagedestroy($im);
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Array
(
    [0] => 89
    [1] => 85
)

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

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ceo at l-i-e dot com
12 years ago
Okay, so sometimes it's really IMPORTANT to get the exact color you want, only it's not *IN* the Image, and ImageColorResolve just isn't "close enough".

The following code is a disgustingly gross hack, rather slow, but it does that.

$colorcount = array();
for ($x = 0; $x < $width; $x++){
    for ($y = 0; $y < $height; $y++){
        $colorindex = imagecolorat($jpg, $x, $y);
        if (!isset($colorcount[$colorindex])){
            $colorcount[$colorindex] = 1;
        }
        else{
            $colorcount[$colorindex]++;
        }
    }
}
asort($colorcount);
reset($colorcount);

$black = imagecolorexact($jpg, 0, 0, 0);
if ($black == -1){
    $goner = key($colorcount);
    $rgb = imagecolorsforindex($jpg, $goner);
    #error_log("Need black: About to kill $goner ($rgb[red], $rgb[green], $rgb[blue]) which was only used in $colorcount[$goner] pixels", 0);
    unset($colorcount[$goner]);
    imagecolordeallocate($jpg, $goner);
    $black = imagecolorallocate($jpg, 0, 0, 0);
}
if ($black == -1){
    $black = imagecolorresolve($jpg, 0, 0, 0);
    #error_log("Damn!  STILL couldn't allocate the color!", 0);
}
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